Which challenges cannot be solved with authorization tools alone?
Identify Executable Transaction Codes
A prerequisite for the indirect assignment of PFCG roles is a well-maintained organisational model. This may correspond to a line organisation consisting of organisational units to which posts are assigned. Use an organisation chart to visualise the employee structure of the company or department for which you are to assign roles. Assign to the posts the people to whom a user is assigned as an attribute. In addition, you can also include other objects from HR organisation management, such as the posts describing the post and assigning roles.
When the auth/authorisation_trace parameter is turned on, external services are written to the USOBHASH table and permission checks are logged in the USOB_AUTHVALTRC table. You can now use the contents of this table to apply the checked objects and values from the trace to the suggestion values in the transaction SU24. Because it is a dynamic profile parameter, it is reset when the application server is launched. Now open the transaction SU24 and you will find your own UIK component as an external service. Double-clicking on this service will tell you that no suggestion values have been maintained there. You can apply these suggested values from the USOB_AUTHVALTRC table. Here you should at least maintain the UIU_COMP authorization object so that this information is loaded into the PFCG role as soon as you include the external service in your role menu.
After successful implementation of your permission check, the new authorization object for your application must be maintained in transaction SU24. If your solution is distributed in other system landscapes, the authorisation proposals in the transaction SU22 are maintained. In addition, with the permission proposal value maintenance, you can make sure that the new authorization object is not forgotten in a role system, because it is now loaded automatically into the PFCG role when the application is called up via the role menu. In the final step, the permission administrator can create the PFCG role or must remix the existing PFCG roles.
Depending on your SAP NetWeaver release status, you must include SAP Note 1731549 or a support package. After that, it is no longer possible to create new users whose names consist only of variants of spaces or non-visible special characters. Changes to existing users are still possible. The customising switch BNAME_RESTRICT, also included in SAP Note 1731549, allows you to control whether you want to allow alternate spaces at certain locations of the user ID.
During go-live, the assignment of necessary authorizations is particularly time-critical. The "Shortcut for SAP systems" application provides functions for this purpose, so that the go-live does not get bogged down because of missing authorizations.
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The daily business of an authorization administrator includes the checks and analyses of critical authorizations and combinations in the system.
These two values summarise the access types of the S_DATASET authorization object.