SAP Authorizations Use Custom Permissions

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Use Custom Permissions
Perform Risk Analysis with the Critical Permissions Report
This start authorization check is delivered inactive. To use it, you must activate it. After activation, you can use authorizations to control which Web Dynpro ABAP applications users are allowed to run. For the start authorization check of Web Dynpro ABAP applications, the system uses the authorization object S_START in the same way as the authorization object S_TCODE for transactions. The object has the fields AUTHPGMID, AUTHOBJTYP and AUTHOBJNAM, which correspond to the key fields PGMID, OBJECT and OBJ_NAME of the object catalog (table TADIR). So, during the start authorization check, the Web Dynpro ABAP runtime checks the key of the object catalog entry for the Web Dynpro ABAP application.

If you want to allow users to access only individual table rows, you can use the S_TABU_LIN authorization object, which allows access to specific rows of a table for defined organisational criteria. A prerequisite for this type of permission is that the tables have columns with such organisational values, such as the work, country, accounting area, etc. You must now configure these organisational values in the system as organisational criteria that represent business areas; serve as a bridge between the organisational columns in the tables and the permission field in the authorization object. Since the organisational criteria are found in several tables, this eligibility check need not be bound to specific tables and can be defined across tables.
Check the SAP authorization concept
Well-maintained suggestion values are extremely helpful for creating PFCG roles. We will give you a rough guide as to when it makes sense to maintain suggestion values. SAP provides suggested values for creating PFCG roles in the USOBT and USOBX tables via upgrades, support packages, or hints. These suggestion values include suggested values for permissions of SAP default applications that can be maintained in PFCG roles. Suggestion values are supplied not only for transaction codes, but also for Web Dynpro applications, RFC function blocks, or external services. You can customise these suggestion values to suit your needs. However, this does not happen in the supplied tables, but in the USOBT_C and USOBX_C customer tables. Care is carried out in the transaction SU24.

You have an organizational structure that includes 4 hierarchical levels - authority, department, unit, functional area). The authorization concept in your organization states that access (processing) to Records Management objects should be allowed for an employee only within his/her own organizational unit. However, the authorization check should only take place on three levels. So if a unit is subdivided into further functional areas, all employees of the unit and the functional areas should have the same authorizations. Since department 2 and department 3 work very closely together, employees of department 2 should be able to read all files, transactions and documents of department 3 and vice versa.

However, if your Identity Management system is currently not available or the approval path is interrupted, you can still assign urgently needed authorizations with "Shortcut for SAP systems".

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