SAP Security Concepts
Even more critical is the assignment of the comprehensive SAP® standard profile SAP_ALL, which contains almost all rights in the system. Therefore, it should be assigned to a so-called emergency user at most. The handling of the emergency user should also be specified in the authorization concept, which should be documented in writing. In any case, the activities of the emergency user should be logged and checked regularly. Therefore, it is essential in preparation for the annual audit to check the current, as well as the historical, assignments of SAP_ALL. It is therefore not sufficient to simply quickly remove the SAP_ALL profile from users in the run-up to the annual audit. It must also be proven that the SAP_ALL profile was not briefly assigned for a few days over the audit period. If SAP_ALL assignments did occur, ideally these have already been documented and checked. If this is not the case, it is essential to create documentation that cannot be changed, in which it is proven why the assignment was necessary and that the user has not carried out any critical actions beyond this (filing and review of logging).
Since the maintenance effort would be too great if individual authorizations were entered in the user master record, authorizations can be combined into authorization profiles. Changes to access rights take effect for all users who have entered the profile in the master record.
If the proliferation has occurred because the authorization concept was not adhered to, a cleanup is sufficient. If the proliferation has arisen because there are errors and gaps in the authorization concept, these errors must be identified, eliminated and the authorizations optimized. If the concept can no longer be implemented in a meaningful way, or if it has already been set up incorrectly, it will be necessary to create a new one.
You can greatly facilitate the maintenance of permissions in controlling by defining the RESPAREA field as the organisational level, and thus using your cost centre and profit centre hierarchies. In the SAP system, you can define cost centre hierarchies and profit centre hierarchies. For example, they can map the expiration organisation or a matrix organisation in your company. To facilitate the mapping of permissions for the controlling reports, you can grant permissions to nodes in those hierarchies. You can do this by assigning permissions through the RESPAREA field, which is used in certain authorization objects in the controlling. We would like to facilitate the creation of roles for these permissions by explaining to you which activities are necessary in advance to define the RESPAREA field as an organisational level.
"Shortcut for SAP systems" is a tool that enables the assignment of authorizations even if the IdM system fails.
So much information... how can you keep it so that you can find it again when you need it? Scribble Papers is a "note box" that makes this very easy.
Switch to this application server by calling the SM51 transaction and double-clicking the application server you are looking for.
It is important that, if necessary, the database is converted to an SAP S/4HANA database.