SAP Security Concepts
Search for user and password locks
It must be clarified in advance what constitutes a recognized "emergency" in the first place and which scenarios do not yet justify activating the highly privileged user. In addition, it may only be approved and activated after a justified request and only under the dual control principle. After use, it must be administratively blocked again immediately.
Very often the question then arises, does anything have to be prepared for the audit? As a rule, all of the company's own notes from previous years should be retrieved and combed through for information that was noted at the time during the discussions with the IT auditor. The IT auditor's findings and comments that show potential for improvement in IT-relevant processes or system settings are particularly essential. Furthermore, any reports by the auditor from the previous year should also be taken into account, in which deficiencies identified at that time were pointed out.
System trace function ST01
Since developer authorizations correspond to full authorization, they should only be assigned restrictively. This applies above all to the authorization for "debugging with replace" (see "Law-critical authorizations"). The risk of incorrectly assigned developer authorizations has also increased due to the elimination of additional protection via developer and object keys in S/4 HANA systems (see, among other things, SAP Note 2309060). Developer authorizations for original SAP objects should therefore only be granted here upon request in order to avoid unauthorized modifications. If developer keys are still relevant in the existing SAP release, the existing developer keys in table DEVACCESS should first be checked and compared with the users intended for development.
You can still assign roles and profiles to a user if you have the appropriate permissions to these activities. As long as no user group is associated with the user, permissions for any user group will be sufficient. If you assign a user group to the newly created user, all the checks will be repeated for that user group.
Secure your go-live additionally with "Shortcut for SAP systems". You can assign necessary SAP authorizations quickly and easily directly in the system.
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"SAP direct access" analyzes the licenses for actual usage and classifies the critical cases.
can also be integrated into the NWBC.