Correct settings of the essential parameters
Essential authorizations and parameters in the SAP® environment
In Step 2b (Customised Proposal Values), you must manually adjust the entries that you manually changed in the SU24 transaction in the initial release. This will start the SU24 transaction in upgrade mode, and you can step by step through all applications and match the changes. If you have created custom organisational levels (ormits), you must restore them at this point using the PFCG_ORGFIELD_UPGRADE report. The report must be called for each organisational level. Only the organisation levels that you create are displayed through the Value Help. SAP Note 727536 lists questions and answers about the use of customer-specific organisational levels.
When the auth/authorisation_trace parameter is turned on, external services are written to the USOBHASH table and permission checks are logged in the USOB_AUTHVALTRC table. You can now use the contents of this table to apply the checked objects and values from the trace to the suggestion values in the transaction SU24. Because it is a dynamic profile parameter, it is reset when the application server is launched. Now open the transaction SU24 and you will find your own UIK component as an external service. Double-clicking on this service will tell you that no suggestion values have been maintained there. You can apply these suggested values from the USOB_AUTHVALTRC table. Here you should at least maintain the UIU_COMP authorization object so that this information is loaded into the PFCG role as soon as you include the external service in your role menu.
Solution approaches for efficient authorizations
To access business objects or execute SAP transactions, a user requires appropriate authorizations, since business objects or transactions are protected by authorization objects. The authorizations represent instances of the generic authorization objects and are defined according to the employee's activities and responsibilities. The authorizations are combined in an authorization profile that belongs to a role. User administrators then assign the appropriate roles to the employee via the user master record so that the employee can use the respective transactions for his or her tasks in the company.
The authorisation concept in SAP ERP does not normally allow to limit permissions to individual financial years. However, this is particularly relevant for tax audits. As of 1 January 2002, the electronic tax audit was enshrined in law in § 147 (6) of the German Tax Code. The opinion of the Finance Administration is in the BMF letter of 16.07.2001 (BStBl. 2001 I)"Principles on data access and the verifiability of digital documents"(GDPdU). The electronic control check can be performed in Germany on three types of access: Immediate access: The tax authority shall have the right to inspect the stored data (read-only access) and to use the taxpayer's hardware and software to verify the data, including the master data and links. Mean Access: The tax authority may require the taxable person to perform the read-only processing of the data in accordance with its specifications. Volume Release: Alternatively, the tax administration may require the taxable person to have the stored documents available to it for evaluation on a machine-usable medium.
During go-live, the assignment of necessary authorizations is particularly time-critical. The "Shortcut for SAP systems" application provides functions for this purpose, so that the go-live does not get bogged down because of missing authorizations.
The freeware Scribble Papers is a "note box" in which all kinds of data can be stored. It takes in typed texts as well as graphics and entire documents. The data is then organised in folders and pages.
The complete processing of a transport in the development system consists of four steps: Creating and releasing a transport request (the actual transport container), creating and releasing a transport task (the authorization for individual users to attach objects to the respective transport request).
When considering the security of SAP transport landscapes, it is not only the production system that is relevant for auditing.